Long gone are the days when crypto was considered a fringe interest. Today, crypto has become a legitimate investment asset that is steadily finding its way into more and more portfolios. There’s a good reason for that.
Because, even though highly volatile, crypto outperforms most other assets available. In short, it could be a worthwhile investment, though not for the faint of heart.
Adding to the popularity of crypto is the rise of free-trading apps such as Robinhood that has made investing in all types of assets, including crypto, much more accessible for the everyday person. Robinhood has quickly grown its userbase to over 13 million, and now the question is, what about taxes?
This article will give you insight into the world of crypto taxes and how you can make sure you are staying away from trouble with the IRS.
Brief Intro to Crypto Taxes
The easiest way to think about crypto from a tax perspective is to think of them like stocks. Like stocks, the IRS considers cryptocurrency to be a capital asset, and as such, it will tax you when you realize any capital gains that you may have on your crypto.
Much like stocks, there are many myths and potential mistakes surrounding taxation.
When are you taxed on crypto?
There are three main scenarios where you will be taxed on your crypto activity in Robinhood.
- Whenever you exchange your crypto for fiat currency it will be considered a taxable event. Depending on how long you’ve held the crypto, this event will be regarded as a long or short-term capital gain or loss, and will count towards your net capital gains for the year.
- When you exchange one cryptocurrency for another cryptocurrency. For example, if you want to use some of your bitcoin to buy ether, it will generate a capital gain or loss depending on how the transaction went.
- Using crypto to purchase a good or service will also trigger a taxable event. If you used the ether you bought at $300 to buy something today, you would be taxed by the capital gains realized at the time of purchase.
Bonus: Though this isn’t relevant to Robinhood, receiving an award, airdrop, interest, staking income, mining income, or other income in the form of a digital asset causes a taxable event. For example, if you received 1 BTC from mining, that is considered taxable income for you.
Why Robinhood for Crypto?
One of the main reasons why so many people have decided to use Robinhood, aside from the zero-fee trades, is that it gives you access to most investment assets. This ease of use has made it easy for many people to dip their toes into investing in crypto.
A pro and a con at the same time
When you decide to invest in crypto on Robinhood, your crypto stays on the Robinhood platform. It doesn’t go to your crypto wallet, as it does on other exchange services. And this has both its pro’s and con’s which you need to consider.
- Pros: It makes your tax reporting significantly more accessible. Since all your transactions remain within the platform, Robinhood can generate a 1099 form where the total of your capital gains from every trade is summarized.
- Cons: If you want to move your crypto assets to another platform, you’ll have to sell your crypto and repurchase your crypto. You will, however, incur taxes on any capital gains you may have had.
Differences between Robinhood and other exchanges
One of the main things to keep in mind when using Robinhood to invest in crypto is that it is not like other cryptocurrency exchanges such as Coinbase or Gemini. Robinhood is not a crypto exchange at all. Here are some of the main differences between Robinhood and other “traditional” crypto exchanges.
- To reiterate, you don’t get to use your crypto; you only invest in it. Actual crypto is never transferred to your wallet. This is one of the reasons why you’re able to have zero fees with each transaction. Paypal is one of the other high-profile platforms that allows you to invest in crypto but doesn’t give you your crypto.
- Because every transaction stays on the platform, Robinhood can give you a consolidated 1099-B form with your net gains or losses. This is not possible with any other exchange service since they don’t track every transaction on your wallet.
Robinhood tax forms
Robinhood provides you with a 1099-B tax form just like every other broker. The 1099-B form is what you need to submit to the IRS so that they can keep track of your capital gains or losses for the year.
In 2021, Robinhood started making the forms available in mid-February so you can have enough time to calculate your crypto gains or losses into your 2020 tax return.
If you need any amendments made due to any transactional errors, you can submit a review request, and Robinhood will look into it to make sure you are reporting correctly.
What if I use other exchanges in addition to Robinhood?
In this scenario, you’ll have to keep track of each transaction and make an individual report for the net capital gain or loss that corresponds with it. If done manually, this can be time-consuming and lead to processing mistakes. The good news is that there’s crypto accounting software that you can use to make the process faster. Also, you can work with Founder’s CPA so we can give you help for every aspect of the crypto taxation process.
What to provide to your tax professional
Even though it may seem mainstream nowadays, the reality is that crypto is still some time away from truly having widespread use. In tax terms, crypto taxation is still in its infancy. It was only back in 2014 when the first IRS guidelines were introduced. As such, it can become challenging to manage your crypto gains and losses since very few CPA firms have real expertise on the subject.
Which documents should you provide to your CPA?
You should record every single cryptocurrency transaction you make throughout the year and share it with your CPA. How each transaction will be taxed can depend on several different variables. For this reason, it’s essential that your accounting service has all the records to make sure that your crypto taxes are filed correctly.
Founder’s CPA specializes in crypto tax filing. If you want to talk with one of our crypto-tax experts, set up a free consultation and make sure that there are no gaps in your crypto filing to the IRS.